The Vietnam War. The conflict is burned into the minds of millions of Americans — those who fought in it, civilians who lived through the 1960s, historians, journalists, photographers and filmmakers.
Anyone who watches television or reads newspapers in print or online more than likely saw the recent advertisements and interviews with documentarian Ken Burns, who, along with his business partner Lynn Novak, invested time during the past 10 years to produce “The Vietnam War.” It’s been running this month on PBS in 10 parts.
I had the opportunity to attend a Los Angeles seminar and hear Burns speak about the project and the war. About his venue and past productions on other subjects, he said there was “absolutely no other place where we could have made these films.” PBS has given him the time, financing and freedom to explore many topics in our society.
Burns noted that President Lyndon Johnson would get upset with the Central Intelligence Agency, which gave him nothing, or very little, in the way of solid, honest information about the overall results of combat in Vietnam. Burns explained that when current news reports often (and in the past) reference the Tet invasion that saw Viet Cong enter the U.S. embassy and carry on several days of fighting, journalists tend to place it all in Saigon.
But Burns noted at the seminar (and in his film) that Tet encompassed the entire length of Vietnam. It was a massive attack that saw many casualties on both sides. He told me that the war was “both a civil war and a continuation of a war of liberation.”
Vietnam had been colonized and ruled by other nations for years, including France, Japan and China. He noted that the United States even supported the French military while the latter fought the Viet Cong. Hanoi saw the U.S. presence as yet another invader moving in to take control.
“Some South Vietnamese felt they didn’t care who won. They just wanted the war to be over,” Burns said. “The South Vietnamese felt the Americans were there to replace the French.”
Today, our political landscape is such that many feel Washington is not responsive to the will of the people. That certainly echoes the Vietnam era. Burns noted that “Millions of people demonstrated” against the war in 1966-1969, with “no response from Washington.” Johnson was often called a “baby killer,” and years later many of those who uttered the words apologized. “But babies were killed,” Burns explained.
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was a part of President Richard Nixon’s war cabinet and was called upon to negotiate a peace settlement with Hanoi. Burns asked rhetorically if Kissinger acted like a terrorist himself. It’s all left up to the viewers to decide. Burns said the film has no agenda, other than trying to get to the truth about the war.
Burns explained that at first Americans felt we were fighting to throw out Communists in Southeast Asia and stop the falling of dominoes, or other Asian nations. When Americans visited the Vietnamese countryside and saw how the “real people — the peasants” were being maimed and killed, U.S. opinion began to change, viewing things in a different light. And once we were involved, Washington and our military felt we had to stay to win and “save face.”
I haven’t seen the film, but it will add to the many books and movies about the war and perhaps shed some new light on his work that he said is “a complex social drama.” Boulder City veterans who fought in Vietnam will surely find familiar things presented.
Chuck N. Baker is a Purple Heart veteran of the Vietnam War and the host of “That’s America to Me” every Sunday at 7 a.m. on 97.1-FM.