weather icon Partly Cloudy

Vaccine best way to prevent pneumococcal disease

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, sometimes referred to as pneumococcus. Pneumococcus can cause many types of illnesses, including ear infections and meningitis. Pneumococcal disease is common in young children, but older adults are at greatest risk of serious illness and death. The best way to prevent pneumococcal disease is to get the vaccine.

Pneumococcal vaccines help protect against some of the more than 90 types of pneumococcal bacteria. There are two kinds of vaccines licensed for use in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13 or Prevnar 13) and Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23 or Pneumovax23).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends pneumococcal vaccination for all children younger than 2 years old and all adults 65 years or older. In certain situations, other children and adults should also get pneumococcal vaccines. Talk to your or your child’s health care professional about what is best for your specific situation.

Because of age or health conditions, some people should not get certain vaccines or should wait before getting them. Read the guidelines below and ask your or your child’s health care professional for more information.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine/Prevnar 13: Doctors give this vaccine to children at 2, 4, 6 and 12-15 months old. Adults who need this vaccine only get a single dose. The vaccine helps protect against the 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that most commonly cause serious infections in children and adults. It can also help prevent ear infections and pneumonia caused by those 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria.

Tell the person who is giving you or your child a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine if you or your child have had a life-threatening allergic reaction or have a severe allergy. Anyone who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to a dose of this vaccine, an earlier pneumococcal conjugate vaccine called PCV7 (or Prevnar), any vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid (for example, DTaP) or anyone with a severe allergy to any component of PCV13 should not get the vaccine.

Your or your child’s health care professional can tell you about the vaccine’s components.

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine/Pneumovax23: Doctors give a single dose of this vaccine to people who need it. CDC recommends one or two additional doses for people with certain chronic medical conditions. This vaccine helps protect against serious infections caused by 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria.

CDC recommends vaccination with the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for all adults 65 years or older, those 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions and adults 19 through 64 years old who smoke cigarettes. Children younger than 2 years old should not get this vaccine.

Tell the person who is giving you or your child a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine if you or your child have had a life-threatening allergic reaction or have a severe allergy. Anyone who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to PPSV23 should not get another dose, nor should anyone who has a severe allergy to any component of PPSV23.

People who have a mild illness, such as a cold, can probably get either vaccine. People who have a more serious illness should probably wait until they recover. Your or your child’s health care professional can advise you.

There is no evidence that PPSV23 is harmful to a pregnant woman or to her baby. However, as a precaution, women who need the vaccine should get it before becoming pregnant, if possible.

To Your Health is provided by the staff of Boulder City Hospital. For more information, call 702-293-4111, ext. 576, or visit bouldercityhospital.org.

Don't miss the big stories. Like us on Facebook.
Schools report smooth return

Parents can finally exhale after a long summer of kids in the house as school is back in session in Boulder City. On Monday, Aug. 8, all four schools in town welcomed back students for the 2022-23 school year in an orderly fashion without any mishaps.

Council OKs plan to remove turf

Water was once again the main focus for City Council. At its meeting Tuesday, Aug. 9, an agreement with the Southern Nevada Water Association that will remove turf in Boulder City to save on water was approved 4-0 by the council.

Council gets first look at Nevada Way remodel

The Boulder City Council was introduced to a project that will remodel and rehabilitate the stretch of Nevada Way from Wyoming to Park streets during its meeting Tuesday, Aug. 9.

More human remains found at Lake Mead

More human remains have been found at Lake Mead, according to officials at the national recreation area.

Fire department targets sites to improve response times

Two locations are being targeted for a new Boulder City Fire substation that the City Council approved last month to help the department improve response time to emergencies. The proposed new fire station, labeled Station 122, is looking at sites at Quartzite Road and Nevada Way as well as near the library at 701 Adams Boulevard. The city owns land in both locations.

Ex-manager sues city; claims retaliation

Former City Manager Al Noyola filed a lawsuit against the city Friday, July 29, alleging that his civil rights were violated when he was fired Oct. 13, 2020.

School begins Monday

School is almost back in session for the quartet of schools in Boulder City.

Storms cause minor damage

Monsoon season brought damage to Boulder City as the town was hit with a collection of storms last week. Luckily, the city was able to handle the storms in an efficient manner, according to officials, who dealt with the typical gravel and rock erosion, power outages and roof leaks.

Lend A Hand awarded $101K from state

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the state of Nevada has awarded $30 million in Community Recovery Grants to nonprofit organizations including Lend A Hand of Boulder City. The local organization was one of the 30-plus applicants that received money funded by American Rescue Act Plan dollars.

Drought drives tough talks to cut water use

Nevada and two of its neighboring Southwestern states are still working on ways to drastically cut water use from the Colorado River as a deadline set by the federal government to address the worsening conditions along the river quickly approaches.